Efficacy of repeated trickle applications of oxalic acid in syrup for varroosis control in Apis mellifera: Influence of meteorological conditions and presence of brood

Publication Type:Journal Article
Year of Publication:2007
Authors:Bacandritsos, N., Papanastasiou, I., Saitanis, C., Nanetti, A., Roinioti, E.
Journal:Veterinary ParasitologyVeterinary ParasitologyVeterinary Parasitology
Date Published:Sep
Type of Article:Article
ISBN Number:0304-4017
Accession Number:WOS:000249142200016
Keywords:Apis mellifera, colonies, JACOBSONI, oxalic acid, sucrose, syringe, trickling, Varroa destructor

Oxalic acid field trails for the control of varroosis (Varroa destructor) were carried out in an apiary located on the Mt. Imittos (Attica, Greece). The colonies received four successive applications (approximately one every 16 days) with 4.2% oxalic acid (OA) and 60% sugar solution by trickling method with two alternative types of syringes (an automatic self-filling dosing and a single-use) from the broodright to broodless period. The results indicate that the first three applications (from 6th October to 25th November-broodright period) resulted in 65.3% cumulative mite mortality, while only the last application (after the 26th November-broodless period) resulted in 77.3% mite mortality. Very low outern temperatures reduce to the minimum the bee movability, which may result into a slower development of the OA efficacy. No poor colony growth or queen loss were observed even if the bee colonies were received the four successive OA applications with the last one taken place at a very low outern temperature (6.2 degrees C). The trickling method using an automatic-filling syringe seems to be a very quick way for applying oxalic acid in large apiaries (approximately 150 hives/h). (c) 2007 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

Short Title:Vet. Parasitol.
Alternate Journal:Vet. Parasitol.
Taxonomic name: 
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