Die Sδugetierfauna Zyperns. Teil II. Chiroptera, Lagomorpha, Carnivora und Artiodactyla.

Publication Type:Journal Article
Authors:Spitzenberger, F.
Journal:Annalen des Naturhistorischen Museums in Wien

Myotis blythi, Eptesicus serotinus, Nyctalus noctula, Lepus europaeus, Vulpes vulpes and Ovis ammon are confirmed for the 1st time. Dama mesopotamica, recorded frm the Neolithic to the Bronze Age, is an autochthonous member of the island fauna. Andersen's 1918 allocation of the Cyprus Rhinolophus hipposideros to R. midas is confirmed. The Cyprus M. blythi population matches M. omari in size, but shows peculiarities in proportion of rostrum. A zoogeographical analysis of the Cyprus mammal fauna shows that Mediterrano-Turkestanian and Irano-Turanian elements predominate and displays close parallelism to the phytogeographical analysis by Zohary 1973. In many species relationships to neighboring mainland-populations (mainly south Anatolia) can be traced. Morphological peculiarities indicate a complete isolation for a rather long time. Recent mammals invaded the island through natural land bridges probably in the (Upper?) Pleistocene. Age and sex variations of skull and body-measurements of 258 Rousettus aegyptiacus were investigated. As an adaptation to the Mediterranean climate in Cyprus, the succession of the 2 phases of the bimodal reproduction cycle of R. aegyptiacus is so quick, that 1 female usually takes part in only 1 cycle; superfetation occurs.

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Scratchpads developed and conceived by (alphabetical): Ed Baker, Katherine Bouton Alice Heaton Dimitris Koureas, Laurence Livermore, Dave Roberts, Simon Rycroft, Ben Scott, Vince Smith