|Publication Type:||Journal Article|
|Year of Publication:||1996|
|Keywords:||allozyme, brown trout, Genetic polymorphism, Greece, phylogeny, Pisces, Salmo trutta|
In order to clarify the genetic structure and the phylogenetic relationships among brown trout (Salmo trutta) populations from Greece and other European countries starch gel electro-phoresis was used. The populations come from various rivers from Greece and other European countries, flowing to the Atlantic or to the Mediterranean. Eleven enzymic systems were investigated. These correspond to 26 putative loci. A high degree of genetic polymorphism was found. The percentage of polymorphic loci ranged from 3.8 to 34.6 and the degree of expected heterozygosity from 0.016 to 0.1. F-statistics and clustering analyses indicated the existence of a high degree of differentiation. This differentiation is mainly between the Atlantic and the Mediterranean populations. Furthermore the Mediterranean populations seem to be divided into two groups. One includes the western Mediterranean populations and populations from western Greece and the other north-eastern Greek populations. The latter seem to be related to other Balkan populations and probably to Danubian or Black Sea populations. These results support the idea of two different lineages of Mediterranean brown trout populations, one of which is probably of aboriginal origin. © 1996 The Genetical Society of Great Britain.